impressionist oil painting
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Impressionism and Post-Impressionism have been the strong focus of ZIBELIUS FINE ART for more than 25 years.
In 1995, Sven Zibelius took over gallery management. Sven also works as a publicly appointed art expert and is considered a recognized expert for various painting schools, painting techniques and style developments in French art during the period from 1860 to 1920.

Attention to color

The painters of that time were devoted to the sensitive observation of nature, the changing phenomenon of light, and their attention to individual types of color appearances. In order to be able to immediately capture unique moments and impressions, artists no longer painted their works in the studio, but, if possible, directly in front of the motif under the open sky, so called "en plein air". The concept and execution of color was raised to the primary design principle despite contemporary academic doctrine, and drawing elements faded into the background.

The impressionistic way of seeing the world led to light-based painting and spontaneous, vibrant brush strokes. For the observer, this resulted in open visual spaces for personal experience and discovery of the artist's work. Through this freedom, the viewer was released from the role of the passive viewer.

The focus of the paintings shows fleeting moments and random subjects, which are interpreted by loose brushstrokes and the innate message of the picture is increasingly relative, since it also depends on the viewer's input. Therefore, in Impressionism the open pictorial form is emphasized, which identifies itself as a cross section of space and time. Both the act of painting as a spontaneous creative activity and the artwork as its lasting trace grew to encompass an independent spiritual value.


As a style, Impressionism emerged from a movement of select French painters in the second half of the 19th century. At that time, regular art exhibitions of more classical art were represented regularly at the Salon de Paris which took place in the Louvre. However, simultaneously parallel and counter art events sought more independence for those artists who were not exhibited at the Salon.

Subsequently, among others, in 1874 one such group of French artists created a joint exhibition for the first time, effectively staging the first Impressionistic exhibit.

This circle of painters included Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne and Berthe Morisot. There were also Eugène Boudin, Felix Bracquemond, Armand Guillaumin, Stanislas Lépine, Giuseppe de Nittis, Henri Rouart and later others.

From 1874 to 1886, a total of 8 group exhibitions took place (1874, 1876, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1886), featuring varied combinations of the aforementioned artists and otherswith varying participation of the named and other artists, such as Frédéric Samuel Cordey.

The following Neo- and thereafter Post-Impressionism

Developed from between 1880 and 1885, this movement initially included the style and painting technique of Pointillism which was the dominant technique of Neo-Impressionism

Towards the end of the 19th century, French painters such as Georges Seurat (1859-1891), Paul Signac (1863-1935) and Louis Hayet (1864-1940) used the emerging scientific color theories, as demonstrated by James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879), in presenting the colors as a mixture of colored dots or short lines next to each other. This resulted in subtractive color mixing in the eye of the observer. In this style, blue and yellow colored dots give the impression of green, but with an extra effect sometimes described as image vibration.

Other key painters from this circle were Hippolyte Petitjean, Henri Lebasque and Maximilien Luce.

Through the further development of this movement, and partial fusion of the (post-) impressionistic stylistic devices and painting techniques, various new approaches emerged well into the 20th century. These either led to Fauvism, as in Louis Valtat (1869-1952), or they grew into their own regional painting schools, such as the École de Pont-Aven (Maufra, Moret, Delavallée), the École de Rouen (Angrand, Lebourg, Pinchon) or the École de Crozant (Guillaumin, Detroy and Bichet).

@ art market

The paintings of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism are among the most coveted: always record-breaking art objects that, despite trends and crises, have consistently seen their value increase.

If you desire to permanently surround yourself with the particular aura of a valuable original painting or a collection with this focus, we stand ready for you as a qualified and efficient contact.

© ZIBELIUS FINE ART   Art expert and Specialist Dealers in original paintings of the Impressionism and Post-Impressionism period.

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